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PATERSON PERCUSSION ERA

PATERSON PERCUSSION LONGARMS

  • Colt Paterson Pocket Model percussion revolver No 1

    AKA: Baby Paterson

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    Range of serial numbers: 1 – 500

    Date of manufacture: 1837 – 1838

    Total production: 500

    Length of barrel: 1¾ to 4¾ inches.

    Caliber: .28 & .31 (Five shots)

    Address: “-Patent Arms M’g Co Paterson N-J.-Colt’s PT” with finials at either end.

    Weight: 11 ounces depending on barrel length..

    The Colt Pocket or Baby Model Paterson Revolver No. 1 was manufactured circa 1837 to 1838 in Paterson, New Jersey. A total of approximately 500 were made and serial numbered 1 through 500. This was the smallest revolver manufactured by Samuel Colt. The standard Model is identified as follows:

     

    Small size frame; straight grip; Barrels marked: ‘-Patent Arms M'g Co Paterson N-J. -Colt's Pt.-’ reading breech to muzzle; Octagonal barrel lengths from 1¾" to 4¾" with rifling of eleven grooves and lands; .28 caliber with folding trigger; without an attached loading lever; five shot cylinder roll engraved with the decoration of a centaur motif, including COLT within the four-horse-head trademark.; rear of the cylinder were rounded; varnished walnut two-piece grips; blued finish to all parts; serial numbers stamped on all major parts (the revolver needs to be disassembled to observe serial numbers).

     

    As with most Colt firearms there are always exceptions to the rule with some engraved examples known and also those with silver-plated back-straps and frames, also ivory or mother-of–pearl grips and case hardened hammers. Values depend on condition, rarity and provenance. Some specimens are cased.

     

    For in-depth reference on Paterson pistols see ‘The Paterson Colt Book featuring the Dennis A. Levett Collection’ by R.L. Wilson.

  • Colt Paterson Pocket Model No 2 percussion revolver

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    Range of serial numbers: 1 – 850 shares serial numbers with the No 2 Belt Model.

    Date of manufacture: 1837 – 1840

    Total production: 400

    Length of barrel: 2½ to 4¾ inches.

    Caliber: .31 & .34 (Five shots)

    Address: ‘Patent Arms M’g Co Paterson N-J Colt’s PT’ with finials at either end.

    Weight: 20 ounces depending on barrel length.

    The Colt Belt Model Paterson Revolver No. 2 was manufactured circa 1837 to 1840 in Paterson, New Jersey. A total of approximately 400 were made and serial numbered 1 through 850 along with the No. 2 Belt Model which shares its serial numbering. The Belt Model series was the only group of Paterson revolvers produced having two types of grips. They are the straight and flared style grip. The standard Model is identified as follows:

     

    Medium size frame; straight grip; Barrels marked: 'Patent Arms M'g Co Paterson N-J. Colt\s Pt.’ reading breech to muzzle; Octagonal barrel lengths from 2½ " to 6" with rifling of eleven grooves and lands; .31 caliber (some appear to be .34 caliber) with folding trigger; without an attached loading lever; five shot cylinder roll engraved with the decoration of a centaur motif, including COLT within the four-horse-head trademark.; rear of the cylinder were square-back (early) although the majority were rounded; varnished walnut two-piece grips; blued finish to all parts; serial numbers stamped on all major parts (the revolver needs to be disassembled to observe serial numbers).

     

    As with most Colt firearms there are always exceptions to the rule with some engraved examples known and also those with silver-plated back-straps and frames, ivory, buffalo horn or mother-of–pearl grips and case hardened hammers. Values depend on condition, rarity and provenance. Some specimens are cased.

     

    For in-depth reference on Paterson pistols see ‘The Paterson Colt Book featuring the Dennis A. Levett Collection’ by R.L. Wilson.

  • Colt Paterson Belt Model percussion revolver

    AKA: No 3 Paterson

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    Range of serial numbers: 1 - 800

    Date of manufacture: 1837 – 1840

    Total production: 850 approx. (Including No 2 Belt Model).

    Length of barrel: 4 to 6 inches. Some examples have 12 inch barrels with different address.

    Caliber: .31 & .34 (Five shots)

    Address: ‘Patent Arms M’g Co Paterson N.J Colts PT’ with finials at either end.

    Weight: 20 ounces depending on barrel length.

    The Colt Belt Model Paterson Revolver No. 3 was manufactured circa 1837 to 1840 in Paterson, New Jersey. A total of approximately 450 were made and serial numbered 1 through 850 along with the No. 2 Belt Model which shares its serial numbering. The Belt Model series was the only group of Paterson revolvers produced having two types of grips. They are the straight and flared style grip. The standard Model is identified as follows:

     

    Medium size frame; Barrels marked: ‘Patent Arms M'g Co Paterson N-J. Colt's Pt.’ reading breech to muzzle; Octagonal barrel lengths from 3" to 5½" with rifling of eleven grooves and lands; .31 caliber with folding trigger; with (scarce) or without an attached loading lever; five shot cylinder roll engraved with the decoration of a centaur motif, including COLT within the four-horse-head trademark.; rear of the cylinder were squareback (early) although the majority were rounded; varnished walnut two-piece flared grips; blued finish to all parts; serial numbers stamped on all major parts (the revolver needs to be disassembled to observe serial numbers).

     

    As with most Colt firearms there are always exceptions to the rule with some engraved examples known, inlaid silver bands and also those with silver-plated back-straps and frames, ivory or mother-of–pearl grips and case hardened hammers and loading levers when present. Values depend on condition, rarity and provenance. Some specimens are cased.

     

    For in-depth reference on Paterson pistols see ‘The Paterson Colt Book featuring the Dennis A. Levett Collection’ by R.L. Wilson.

  • Colt Paterson Holster Model percussion revolver

    AKA: No 5 Texas Paterson

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    Range of serial numbers: 1 - 1,000

    Date of manufacture: 1838 – 1840

    Total production: 1,000

    Length of barrel: 4 to 129 inches

    Caliber: .36 (Five shots)

    Address: ‘Patent Arms M’g. Co. Paterson N.J- Colts PT’ with a snake and star finial at each end.

    Weight: 2 pounds 8 ounces depending on barrel length and with or without loading lever.

    The Colt Holster Model Paterson Revolver No. 5 also known as the “Texas Paterson” was manufactured circa 1838 to 1840 in Paterson, New Jersey. A total of approximately 1000 were manufactured serial numbered in its own range from 1 through to 1000.

     

    This is the most desirable and prized of all Paterson revolvers due to its size and relatively heavy caliber. It came to fame in late 1840 through Captain Jack Coffee Hays, who along with about fifteen Texas rangers all armed with Paterson rifles and pistols fought off a large war-party of about eighty Comanche Indians killing or wounding more than forty of them. This was an expensive gun at the time of manufacture costing $35. The standard Model is identified as follows:

     

    Large size frame; Barrels marked: ‘Patent Arms M'g. Co. Paterson N.J.-Colt's Pt.’ reading breech to muzzle; Octagonal barrel lengths from 4" to 12" (standard 7½" and 9") with rifling of eleven grooves and lands; .36 caliber with folding trigger; with (scarce) or without an attached loading lever; five shot cylinder roll engraved with the decoration of the stagecoach holdup scene including the word COLT.; rear of the cylinder were squareback (seen on early examples without loading lever) although the majority were rounded (later and usually seen with attached loading lever); varnished walnut two-piece flared grips; early examples without loading lever normally have a blued barrel, frame and cylinder with casehardened hammer and examples with loading levers have a blued barrel and cylinder with casehardened frame, hammer and loading lever; serial numbers stamped on all major parts (the revolver needs to be disassembled to observe serial numbers).

     

    As with most Colt firearms there are always exceptions to the rule with some engraved examples known, inlaid silver bands and also those with silver-plated back-straps and frames, ivory or mother-of–pearl grips and case hardened hammers and loading levers when present. Values depend on condition, rarity and provenance. Some specimens are cased.

     

    For in-depth reference on Paterson pistols see ‘The Paterson Colt Book featuring the Dennis A. Levett Collection’ by R.L. Wilson.

  • Colt Paterson Fourth Model Ehlers Pocket percussion revolver

    AKA: Improved No1 Pocket Model

     

     

     

     

     

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    Range of serial numbers: 1 – 500

    Date of manufacture: 1840 to 1843

    Total production: 500 including the 5th Model.

    Length of barrel: 2 to 3 inches with loading lever.

    Caliber: .28 (Five shots)

    Address: ‘-Patent Arms Paterson N-J. -Colts PT’

    Weight: 12 ounces depending on barrel length.

    The Fourth Model Ehlers pocket revolver or Improved No. 1 Pocket Model Small Size Frame is a separate model from the Colt Pocket or Baby Model Paterson Revolver No. 1 revolver. It was manufactured circa 1840 to 1843 in Paterson, New Jersey by John Ehlers who took over the Paterson company after it went bankrupt. These revolvers were made up from semi-finished parts that were completed by Ehlers with his own modifications. A total of approximately 500 were made and serial numbered 1 on up. They were serial numbered along with the Fifth Model Ehlers Belt revolver or Improved No. 2 Belt Model revolver. The standard Model is identified as follows:

     

    Small size frame with capping channel on the recoil shield; straight grip beveled at the butt; Barrels marked: ‘-Patent Arms Paterson N-J. -Colt's Pt.-’ reading breech to muzzle (“M’g Co.” removed from the roll die); Octagonal barrel lengths from 2" to 3" with rifling of eleven grooves and lands; .28 caliber with folding trigger; with attached loading lever assembly as standard; five shot cylinder roll engraved with the decoration of a centaur motif, including COLT within the four-horse-head trademark.; rear of the 31/32" cylinder were rounded; varnished walnut two-piece grips; blued finish to all parts; serial numbers stamped on all major parts (the revolver needs to be disassembled to observe serial numbers).

     

    As with most Colt firearms there are always exceptions to the rule with some engraved examples known and also those with silver-plated back-straps and frames, also select walnut, ivory or mother-of–pearl grips. Values depend on condition, rarity and provenance. Some specimens are cased.

     

    For in-depth reference on Paterson pistols see ‘The Paterson Colt Book featuring the Dennis A. Levett Collection’ by R.L. Wilson.

  • Colt Paterson Fifth Model Ehlers Pocket percussion revolver

    AKA: Improved No2 Belt Model Medium Size Frame revolver

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Range of serial numbers: 1 – 500

    Date of manufacture: 1840 to 1843

    Total production: 500 including the 4th Model.

    Length of barrel: 3 to 5½ inches with loading lever.

    Caliber: .28 (Five shots)

    Address: ‘-Patent Arms Paterson N-J. -Colts PT’

    Weight: 22 ounces depending on barrel length.

    The Fifth Model Ehlers Belt revolver or Improved No. 2 Belt Model Medium Size Frame revolver is a separate model from the Colt Belt Model Paterson Revolver No. 2 revolver. It was manufactured circa 1840 to 1843 in Paterson, New Jersey by John Ehlers who took over the Paterson company after it went bankrupt. These revolvers were made up from semi-finished parts that were completed by Ehlers with his own modifications. A total of approximately 500 were made and serial numbered 1 on up. It was serial numbered along with the Fourth Model Ehlers Pocket revolver or Improved No. 1 Pocket Model revolver. The standard Model is identified as follows:

     

    Medium size frame with capping channel on the recoil shield; straight grip beveled at the butt; Barrels marked: ‘-Patent Arms Paterson N-J. -Colt's Pt.-’ reading breech to muzzle (‘M’g Co.’ removed from the roll die); Octagonal barrel lengths vary from 3" to 4½" with rifling of eleven grooves and lands; .31 caliber with folding trigger; with attached loading lever assembly as standard; five shot 1-1/16" cylinder roll engraved with the decoration of a centaur motif, including COLT within the four-horse-head trademark.; rear of the cylinder were rounded; varnished walnut two-piece grips beveled at the butt; blued finish to all parts; serial numbers stamped on all major parts (the revolver needs to be disassembled to observe serial numbers).

     

    As with most Colt firearms there are always exceptions to the rule with some engraved examples known and also those with silver-plated back-straps and frames, also select walnut or ivory grips. Values depend on condition, rarity and provenance. Some specimens are cased.

     

    For in-depth reference on Paterson pistols see ‘The Paterson Colt Book featuring the Dennis A. Levett Collection’ by R.L. Wilson.

  • Colt Paterson First Model Ring Lever percussion rifle

     

     

     

     

     

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    Range of serial numbers: 1 – 200

    Date of manufacture: 1837 to 1838

    Total production: 200

    Length of barrel: 32 inches or shorter.

    Caliber: .34, .36, .38, .40, and .44. Eight or ten shot cylinders.

    Address: ‘Colt’s Patent Patent Arms Man’g. Co., Paterson N.Jersey.’ with finials at either end.

    Weight: 8 pounds 6 ounces depending on barrel length and with or without loading lever assembly.

    The Colt First Model Ring Lever Rifle was manufactured circa 1837 to 1838 in Paterson, New Jersey. It was Colt’s first production firearm before he started manufacturing his pistols a few months later. A total of approximately only 200 First models were manufactured and serial numbered in their own range from 1 through to 200. It has a top-strap over the cylinder. To cock the rifle you had to pull the ring lever and turn the cylinder for each shot. The standard Model is identified as follows:

     

    Chambered in several calibers including .34, .36, .38, .40 and .44. Eight and ten shot (very rare) cylinder with standard 32 inch octagonal barrel (a limited number were manufactured with shorter barrels including carbine length) with or without loading lever. The cylinder roll scene depicts a horsemen and a centaur hunting a deer; the word COLT is also present. The barrels were marked on the top: ‘Colt's Patent Patent Arms Man'g. Co., Paterson, N. Jersey’. Varnished walnut stock with cheek-piece inlaid with the Colt four-horse-head trademark. All metal parts are blued except the barrel which is browned. Serial numbers appear on various parts, most of them visible only when the rifle has been disassembled. The standard model is without loading lever and no capping channel in the recoil shield. Also cylinders have a square-back configuration. Weight 8 pounds 8 ounces with thirty inch barrel with loading lever. The improved model is Factory fitted with loading lever attached and also a spring held detent underneath trigger guard to permit the cylinder to be revolved while loading (instead of removing cylinder for loading), locking the ring lever to permit this. The addition of a capping groove on the recoil shield and the rounding of the back of the cylinder were also factory improvements and came before the loading lever became permanent.

     

    As with most Colt firearms there are always exceptions to the rule with some engraved examples known. Coverage is mainly to the frame, trigger-guard and tangs. Also inlay and overlay of silver on stocks has been observed. Values depend on condition, rarity and provenance. Cases were advertised for $4 but seldom seen.

     

    For in-depth reference on Paterson longarms see ‘The Paterson Colt Book featuring the Dennis A. Levett Collection’ by R.L. Wilson.

  • Colt Paterson Second Model Ring Lever percussion rifle

     

     

     

     

     

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    Range of serial numbers: 1 – 500

    Date of manufacture: 1838 to 1841

    Total production: 500

    Length of barrel: 28 or 32 inches also special order lengths.

    Caliber: .44 with eight or ten shot cylinders.

    Address: ‘Patent Arms M’g. Co. Paterson, N-J.-Colt’s Pt.’ with a snake and star finial at each end.

    Weight: 8 pounds 8 ounces depending on barrel length and with or without loading lever assembly.

    The Colt Second Model Ring Lever Rifle or Model No. 2 Ring Lever Rifle was manufactured circa 1838 to 1841 in Paterson, New Jersey. A total of approximately only 500 Second models were manufactured and serial numbered in their own range from 1 through to 500. By pulling the ring lever the cylinder is turned and the hammer is cocked for each shot.

     

    Standard model, without attached loading lever, with capping channel in the recoil shield, and having a square-back or rounded type cylinder. Chambered in .44 caliber with eight shot cylinder (ten shot very rare) with standard 28 inch and 32 inch octagonal barrel with or without loading lever. The cylinder roll scene depicts horsemen and a centaur hunting a deer; the word COLT is also present. A small house is also engraved on the cylinder. The barrels were marked on the top: ‘Patent Arms M'g. Co. Paterson, N-J.-Colt's Pt.’ with snake finials at either end. Varnished walnut stock with cheek-piece. All metal parts are blued except the barrel which is browned. Serial numbers appear on various parts, most of them visible only when the rifle has been disassembled. The standard model is without loading lever and no capping channel in the recoil shield. Also cylinders have a square-back configuration. Weight 8 pounds 8 ounces with thirty inch barrel with loading lever. The improved model is Factory fitted with loading lever attached and also a spring held detent underneath trigger guard to permit the cylinder to be revolved while loading (instead of removing cylinder for loading), locking the ring lever to permit this. The addition of a capping groove on the recoil shield and the rounding of the back of the cylinder were also factory improvements and came before the loading lever became permanent.

     

    As with most Colt firearms there are always exceptions to the rule with some engraved examples known. Coverage is mainly to the frame, trigger-guard and tangs. Also inlay and overlay of silver on stocks has been observed. Values depend on condition, rarity and provenance. Cases were advertised for $4 but are seldom seen.

     

    For in-depth reference on Paterson longarms see ‘The Paterson Colt Book featuring the Dennis A. Levett Collection’ by R.L. Wilson.

  • Colt Paterson Model 1839 percussion carbine

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    Range of serial numbers: 1 – 950

    Date of manufacture: 1838 to 1841

    Total production: 950 approx.

    Length of barrel: 24 to 32 inches also special order lengths.

    Caliber: .525 smoothbore with six shot cylinder.

    Address: ‘Patent Arms M’g. Co. Paterson, N.J-Colt’s Pt.’ with a snake and star finial at each end.

    Weight: 7 pounds 11 ounces depending on barrel length.

    The Colt Model 1839 Carbine was manufactured circa 1838 to 1841 in Paterson, New Jersey in .525 smoothbore caliber. It proved to be the most popular of all the Paterson longarms and highly regarded by Sam himself. A total of approximately 950 were manufactured and serial numbered in their own range from 1 through to 950. The serial numbers are found on various parts but the carbine should be disassembled to make a full check. Metal parts are blued with barrels being browned with varnished walnut stocks. The barrel address found on the left side (also sometimes on the right side) of the barrel reads: ‘Patent Arms M'g. Co. Paterson, N.J-Colt's Pt.’ with a snake and star terminal at each end. The carbine does not have a ring lever cocking device but features an exposed hammer.

     

    The early production which is rare were manufactured without an attached loading lever, with a square-backed six shot cylinder which was 2½ inches in length with a capping groove cut near the top of the right recoil shield. The cylinder roll scene features a three panel design with scrolls, Colt markings, and panels of a naval battle, a land battle, and a hunter and trophy lion motif.

     

    The standard round barrel with bevels present at the breech were 24 inches in length with attached loading lever on the barrel lug and round backed cylinder. Other lengths of 28 inches and 32 inches are known in a similar configuration. The front sight is a pin with the rear notched and dovetailed on to the breech of the barrel.

     

    As with most Colt firearms there are always exceptions to the rule and the 1839 carbine is no exception. It is estimated that about twenty five examples were made with a 3¼ inch cylinder with the frame made longer to accommodate the extra length. Only a few are thought to have survived as many burst on firing. Stocks are sometimes found with deluxe wood and also checkering has been encountered. Values depend on condition, rarity and provenance. Government contracts for this model were secured by Colt.

     

    For in-depth reference on Paterson longarms see ‘The Paterson Colt Book featuring the Dennis A. Levett Collection’ by R.L. Wilson.

  • Colt Paterson Model 1839 percussion Shotgun

     

     

     

     

     

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    Range of serial numbers: 1 – 225

    Date of manufacture: 1839 – 1841

    Total production: 225 approx.

    Length of barrel: 24 to 32 inches also special order lengths.

    Caliber: 16 guage with six shot cylinder.

    Address: ‘Patent Arms M’g. Co. Paterson, N.J-Colt’s Pt.’ with snake and star terminal at each end.

    Weight: 9 pounds 4 ounces depending on barrel length.

    The Colt Model 1839 Shotgun was manufactured circa 1839 to 1841 in Paterson, New Jersey. A limited total of approximately 225 were manufactured and serial numbered in their own range from 1 through to about 225. The caliber was 16 gauge smoothbore with a large 6-shot cylinder measuring 3½ inches in length. This compared to a 2½ inch cylinder on the Model 1839 Carbine. The cylinder is roll-engraved with three panels and Colt markings. The barrel is round without bevels at the breech. Barrel lengths varied between 24 inches and 32 inches and made without attached loading levers.

     

    The barrel address is found on the right side of the barrel lug and reads: ‘Patent Arms M'g. Co. Paterson, N.J.-Colt's Pt.’ with a snake and star terminal at each end. The shotgun features the same mechanism as the carbine with an exposed hammer. The serial numbers are found on various parts but the carbine should be disassembled to make a full check. The metal parts are blued apart from the barrel which is browned with a Damascus twist pattern. The stocks are varnished walnut.

     

    This unpopular model as can be seen by the low production run has become a rarity to collectors today and therefore very collectible. The failure of the Paterson Arms Manufacturing Company cut short the possibility for success for this model.

     

    As with most Colt firearms there are always exceptions to the rule and the 1839 shotgun can be found with special barrel lengths outside the 24-32 inch criteria. Stocks are sometimes found with deluxe wood and also checkering has been encountered.

     

    For in-depth reference on Paterson longarms see ‘The Paterson Colt Book featuring the Dennis A. Levett Collection’ by R.L. Wilson.

COLT PERCUSSION DRAGOONS

  • Colt Walker Model 1847 Revolver

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    Range of serial numbers: 1 – 225

    Date of manufacture: 1839 – 1841

    Total production: 225 approx.

    Length of barrel: 24 to 32 inches also special order lengths.

    Caliber: 16 guage with six shot cylinder.

    Address: ‘Patent Arms M’g. Co. Paterson, N.J-Colt’s Pt.’ with snake and star terminal at each end.

    Weight: 9 pounds 4 ounces depending on barrel length.

    The Colt Model 1839 Shotgun was manufactured circa 1839 to 1841 in Paterson, New Jersey. A limited total of approximately 225 were manufactured and serial numbered in their own range from 1 through to about 225. The caliber was 16 gauge smoothbore with a large 6-shot cylinder measuring 3½ inches in length. This compared to a 2½ inch cylinder on the Model 1839 Carbine. The cylinder is roll-engraved with three panels and Colt markings. The barrel is round without bevels at the breech. Barrel lengths varied between 24 inches and 32 inches and made without attached loading levers.

     

    The barrel address is found on the right side of the barrel lug and reads: ‘Patent Arms M'g. Co. Paterson, N.J.-Colt's Pt.’ with a snake and star terminal at each end. The shotgun features the same mechanism as the carbine with an exposed hammer. The serial numbers are found on various parts but the carbine should be disassembled to make a full check. The metal parts are blued apart from the barrel which is browned with a Damascus twist pattern. The stocks are varnished walnut.

     

    This unpopular model as can be seen by the low production run has become a rarity to collectors today and therefore very collectible. The failure of the Paterson Arms Manufacturing Company cut short the possibility for success for this model.

     

    As with most Colt firearms there are always exceptions to the rule and the 1839 shotgun can be found with special barrel lengths outside the 24-32 inch criteria. Stocks are sometimes found with deluxe wood and also checkering has been encountered.

     

    For in-depth reference on Paterson longarms see ‘The Paterson Colt Book featuring the Dennis A. Levett Collection’ by R.L. Wilson.

  • Colt Whitneyville Hartford Model 1848 Dragoon percussion revolver

    AKA: Transition Walker

     

     

     

     

     

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    Range of serial numbers: 1,101 to 1,340

    Date of manufacture: 1847

    Total production: 240

    Length of barrel: 7½ inches

    Caliber: .44

    Address: ‘ADDRESS SAML COLT NEW-YORK CITY’

    Weight: 4 pounds 2 ounces

    The Colt Whitneyville Hartford Dragoon Revolver also known as the "Transition Walker" was manufactured late in 1847. A total of only about 240 were produced. The serial numbers follow through after the civilian Colt Walker Dragoon revolver finished at 1100 through to 1340. Serial numbers are found on all major parts.

     

    This model is rarer than the Walker Model and is often called the ‘Transition Walker’ because some of the parts were left over from the Walker. It is in .44 caliber revolver, weighs 4 pounds and 2 ounces and has a 7½ inch part round and part octagonal barrel. The barrel was blued with casehardened frame, hammer and loading lever. The grip-straps are found either in brass or steel with brass trigger-guard. The six shot cylinder was roll engraved with the Texas Ranger and Comanche Indian fight scene and left "in the white". The revolver was furnished with one-piece ‘Slim Jim’ walnut grips.

     

    The barrel address usually reads ‘ADDRESS SAML COLT NEW-YORK CITY’ but variations are known. The ‘COLT/PATENT’ stamping on earl models forms an oval on the right side of the frame. On later models ‘COLT/PATENT/U.S.’ is usually stamped on the left side of the frame. There are two major variations on the frame of the Whitneyville Hartford Dragoon revolver. The early models retain the cutout at the rear of the frame which fits the curved portion of the grips, as on the Walker and the later models have the straight-back frame as on later Dragoon revolvers. The trigger and cylinder stop screw are shorter than on later Dragoons and do not pass completely through the frame meaning that the screw heads are not visible from the right side of the frame.

     

    For in-depth reference on Colt Dragoon revolvers see ‘The Book of Colt Firearms- 3rd Edition’ by R.L. Wilson.

  • Colt First Model 1848 Dragoon percussion revolver

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    Range of serial numbers: Numbered from 1341 to 8,000

    Date of manufacture: 1848 to 1850

    Total production: 7000

    Length of barrel: 7½ inches

    Caliber: .44

    Address: ‘ADDRESS SAML COLT NEW-YORK CITY’

    Weight: 4 pounds 2 ounces

    The Colt First Model Dragoon Revolver was manufactured circa 1848 through to 1850 with a total of about 7,000 produced. They continued the sequence from the Whitneyville Hartford Dragoon from serial number 1341 through to about 8000. Serial numbers are found on all major parts.

     

    The revolver is in .44 caliber, weighs 4 pounds and 2 ounces and has a 7½ inch part round and part octagonal barrel. The barrel and cylinder were blued with casehardened frame, hammer and loading lever. The back-strap and square-back trigger-guard are of brass and silver-plated on commercial models and left plain on military contract guns. The six shot cylinder with oval cylinder stops was roll engraved with the Texas Ranger and Comanche Indian fight scene. The early cylinders had only one safety pin on the rear of the cylinder which locked into a slot on the hammer face to stop accidental discharge. Later cylinders incorporated six pins located between each chamber.

     

    The revolver was furnished with one-piece walnut grips which were varnished for the commercial market and oil-stained for the military contracts. Also military issue First Model Dragoons have government inspector cartouches on the grips and letter stampings on various metal parts. Some late First Models were cut to accept detachable shoulder stocks.

     

    The barrel address reads ‘ADDRESS SAML COLT NEW-YORK CITY’ with the ‘COLT/PATENT’ stamping on the left side of the frame with ‘U.S.’ below on Government contract revolvers. The cylinder also has a roll-engraved panel marking in large letters ‘COLT'S PATENT’ along with a second panel of ‘MODEL U.S.M.R.’ (U.S. Mounted Rifles) with the serial number stamped within. Some models have the rarer marking of ‘U.S. DRAGOONS’ instead of the U.S.M.R. markings.

     

    Philip Boulton of Southampton, England has collated and recorded a survival rate of at least 7.82% of the original production of First, Second and Third Dragoon revolvers. For in-depth reference on Colt Dragoon revolvers see ‘The Book of Colt Firearms- 3rd Edition’ by R.L. Wilson.

  • Colt’s Second Contract Dragoon also known as the Fluck Dragoon AKA: U.S. Walker Replacement Dragoon or Pre-First Model Dragoon

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Range of serial numbers: Numbered within a serial range from 2001 through to 3,000

    Date of manufacture: 1848

    Total production: 300

    Length of barrel: 7½ inches

    Caliber: .44

    Address: ‘ADDRESS SAML COLT NEW-YORK CITY’

    Weight: 4 pounds 2 ounces

    Colt’s Second Contract Dragoon was manufactured in 1848 and serial numbered in a range from 2001 through 3000. Approximately 1000 are thought to have been manufactured by Colt to replace defective Colt Walker Dragoon revolvers that were sold to the U.S. government. This is a complicated model and new research makes it very interesting to determine and log all of its characteristics.

     

    The revolver which used up some of the left-over Walker parts is in .44 caliber, weighs 4 pounds and 2 ounces and has a 7½ inch part round and part octagonal Walker barrels that were re-worked at the Colt factory. The barrel address reads ‘ADDRESS SAML COLT NEW-YORK CITY’ with the ‘COLT’S/PATENT/U.S.’ stamping on the left side of the frame. The brass back-strap is longer and similar to the Walker model along with the brass trigger-guard of square-back configuration. The one-piece walnut grips were oil-stained with ‘JH’ within an oval cartouche on left side and ‘WAT’ within an oval cartouche on the right side of the grip. Most major parts were serial numbered using the tiny Walker type stampings and inspector mark P also appear on various metal parts.

     

    The barrel was blued with casehardened frame, hammer and loading lever. The six shot cylinder with oval cylinder slots was roll engraved with the Texas Ranger and Comanche Indian fight scene and left bright.

     

    For in-depth reference on Colt Dragoon revolvers see ‘The Book of Colt Firearms- 3rd Edition’ by R.L. Wilson and various other studies and articles on this interesting and rare revolver.

  • Colt Second Model 1848 Dragoon percussion revolver

    Click to enlarge

    Click to enlarge

    Range of serial numbers: Numbered from 8,001 to 10,700

    Date of manufacture: 1850 to 1851

    Total production: 2700

    Length of barrel: 7½ inches

    Caliber: .44

    Address: ‘-ADDRESS SAML COLT, NEW-YORK CITY-’ or

    ‘ADDRESS SAML COLT, NEW-YORK CITY’

    Weight: 4 pounds 2 ounces

    The Colt Second Model Dragoon Revolver was manufactured circa 1850 through to 1851 with a total of only about 2,700 produced. It continued the sequence from the First Model Dragoon from about serial number 8000 through to about 10700. Serial numbers are found on all major parts.

     

    The revolver is in .44 caliber, weighs 4 pounds and 2 ounces and has a 7½ inch part round and part octagonal barrel. During its transition, parts were modified including the main-spring which changed from a V-spring to a flat design and the addition of a roller bearing where the hammer engages with the spring. The loading lever also used both the vertical and horizontal catch.

     

    The barrel and cylinder were blued with casehardened frame, hammer and loading lever. The back-strap and square-back trigger-guard are of brass and silver-plated on commercial models and left plain on military contract revolvers. The six shot cylinder has rectangular cylinder stops with guide grooves and was roll engraved with the Texas Ranger and Comanche Indian fight scene. The revolver was furnished with one-piece walnut grips which were varnished for the commercial market and oil-stained for the military contracts. Military issue Second Model Dragoons have government inspector cartouches on the grips and letter stampings on various metal parts.

     

    The barrel address reads from muzzle to breech either ‘-ADDRESS SAML COLT, NEW-YORK CITY-’ or ‘ADDRESS SAML COLT NEW-YORK CITY’ with the ‘COLT/PATENT’ stamping on the left side of the frame with ‘U.S.’ below on Government contract revolvers. The cylinder also has a roll-engraved panel marking in large letters ‘COLT'S PATENT’ along with a second panel of ‘MODEL U.S.M.R.’ (U.S. Mounted Rifles) with the serial number stamped within. Some models have the rarer marking of ‘U.S. DRAGOONS’ instead of the U.S.M.R. markings. A few Second Models were cut to accept all of the three types of detachable shoulder stocks. Variations include the NEW HAMPSHIRE and Massachusetts (MS) marked militia issues.

     

    Philip Boulton of Southampton, England has collated and recorded a survival rate of at least 7.82% of the original production of First, Second and Third Dragoon revolvers. For in-depth reference on Colt Dragoon revolvers see ‘The Book of Colt Firearms- 3rd Edition’ by R.L. Wilson.

  • Colt Third Model 1848 Dragoon percussion revolver

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Range of serial numbers: Numbered from 10,701 through 19,600

    Date of manufacture: 1851 to 1861

    Total production: 10,500

    Length of barrel: 7½ inches and 8 inches (rare)

    Caliber: .44

    Address: ‘-ADDRESS SAML COLT, NEW-YORK CITY-’ or

    ‘{ADDRESS SAML COLT, NEW-YORK CITY}’

    Weight: 4 pounds 2 ounces

    The Colt Third Model Dragoon Revolver was manufactured from circa 1851 through to 1861. A total of about 10,500 were produced in this period in a serial range from about 10701 through to about 19600. Some early models overlapped with the Second Model. Serial numbers are found on all major parts.

     

    The revolver is in .44 caliber, weighs 4 pounds and 2 ounces and has a 7½ inch part round and part octagonal barrel. Towards the end of the production some were produced with an 8 inch barrel. The main difference between a Second and Third Model Dragoon is the change from a square-back trigger-guard to a rounded version. It also has the flat design main-spring and the roller bearing where the hammer engages with the spring. The loading lever also used both the vertical and horizontal catch.

     

    The barrel and cylinder were blued with casehardened frame, hammer and loading lever. The back-strap and square-back trigger-guard are of brass and silver-plated on commercial models and left plain on military contract revolvers. The six shot cylinder has rectangular cylinder stops with guide grooves and was roll engraved with the Texas Ranger and Comanche Indian fight scene. The revolver was furnished with one-piece walnut grips which were varnished for the commercial market and oil-stained for the military contracts. Military issue Second Model Dragoons have government inspector cartouches on the grips and letter stampings on various metal parts.

     

    The barrel address reads from muzzle to breech either ‘-ADDRESS SAML COLT, NEW-YORK CITY-’ or ‘ADDRESS SAML COLT NEW-YORK CITY’ with bracket finials at either end. There is the normal ‘COLT’S/PATENT’ or ‘COLTS/PATENT stamping on the left side of the frame with ‘U.S.’ below on Government contract revolvers.

     

    The cylinder also has a roll-engraved panel marking in large letters ‘COLT'S PATENT’ along with a second panel of ‘MODEL U.S.M.R.’ (U.S. Mounted Rifles) with the serial number stamped within. Some models have the rarer marking of ‘U.S. DRAGOONS’ instead of the U.S.M.R. markings. It is estimated that between 1,200 and 1,500 Third Models were cut to accept all of the three types of detachable shoulder stocks. The third pattern stock has a four screw frames, blued steel back-strap with a groove in the heel and a notched recoil shield. The barrel would have folding leaf sights.

     

    Philip Boulton of Southampton, England has collated and recorded a survival rate of at least 7.82% of the original production of First, Second and Third Dragoon revolvers. For in-depth reference on Colt Dragoon revolvers see ‘The Book of Colt Firearms- 3rd Edition’ by R.L. Wilson.

  • Colt Hartford-London Model 1848 Dragoon percussion revolver

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Range of serial numbers: 1 – 700

    Date of manufacture: 1853 to 1857

    Total production: 700

    Length of barrel: 7½ inches

    Caliber: .44

    Address: ‘SAML COLT LONDON’ ‘COLN COLT LONDON’

    ‘-ADDRESS SAML COLT NEW-YORK CITY-’

    Weight: 4 pounds 2 ounces

    The component parts for the Colt Hartford-London Dragoon percussion revolver were manufactured in Hartford using Third Model and also some Second Model Dragoon parts (mainly the square-back trigger-guards). These parts were shipped to London and the revolver was assembled and finished at Colt's London factory and sold circa 1853 through to 1857. Approximately 700 were assembled in a serial range from 1 through to about 700. The lowest number known at this time is serial #2 and the highest is #695. As many as 200 revolvers were returned to Hartford in 1861 for use in the Civil War.

     

    The most common address is ‘-ADDRESS SAM' COLT NEW-YORK CITY-’ with a dash either end or brackets with a finial at either end. The rarest address is hand-engraved ‘SAML COLT LONDON’ (only three recorded including #2 and #3) found on very early specimens or hand-engraved ‘COLN COLT, LONDON’ (only fifteen recorded). The left side of the frame on most cases is stamped ‘COLTS/PATENT’ whilst on some it is hand-engraved (thirty eight recorded). The cylinder is roll-engraved with the Texas Ranger and Indian scene.

     

    British proof stampings are found on the breech end of the cylinder over each chamber and also on the left side of the barrel lug with a crown over a V and a crown over GP. Most revolvers are blued with case-colored frame, hammer and loading lever with silver-plated brass back-strap and trigger-guard. A very few including #13 and #20 are known to have gold-plated grip-straps. The grips are of one-piece varnished walnut and some feature select walnut. A few grips (including #2,#3 and #125) are known to have a screw assembly which was done at the factory to reinforce the grip to give it extra strength. Some revolvers will be found with Second Model square-back trigger-guards and other left-over parts from earlier revolvers.

     

    Pete Holder and Philip Boulton of Southampton, England have collated and recorded a survival rate of at least 27% of the original 700 production of Hartford-London Dragoon revolvers with 37.5% of those recorded to be factory engraved. Overall the percentage of engraved London Dragoons would probably be less than 37.5%. For in-depth reference on Colt Dragoon revolvers see ‘The Book of Colt Firearms- 3rd Edition’ by R.L. Wilson.

Colt Pocket & Navy Percussion Revolvers

Colt Hartford Longarms

Colt New Model Army & Navy Percussion Revolvers
through the Models of 1862 & 1865

Colt Cartridge Longarms

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