- Range of serial numbers: 1 – 22,000
- Date of manufacture: 1865 to 1872
- Total production: Approx. 22,000
- Length of barrel: 4½ to 6½ inches
- Caliber: .36
- Address: Several variations including: ‘ADDRESS COL. SAML COLT. NEW-YORK U.S. AMERICA’ also
‘-ADDRESS. SAML COLT/HARTFORD CT.’ or ‘ADDRESS COL. COLT/LONDON’
- Weight: 1 pounds 10 ounces
Colt Pocket Model 1865 of Navy Caliber Percussion Revolver
The re-classified Colt Pocket Model 1865 of Navy Caliber percussion revolver or Pocket Navy was previously known to collectors as the “Model of 1853” or the “Model 1862 Pocket Navy”. It is now more correctly termed as the heading or as the “Pocket Model of Navy Caliber” or merely “Pocket Navy.”
This model was the last full production percussion revolver to be made by Colt before the advent of the cartridge era by the factory. The Pocket Navy is now deemed to have been manufactured from 1865 through to circa 1872 in its own serial range from serial number one. The Pocket Navy, like the 1862 Police was chambered in 36 caliber but with a five shot rebated round cylinder roll engraved with the stagecoach holdup scene.. It had an octagonal barrel with hinged loading lever which was a similar style to the 1851 Navy revolver. The Pocket Navy was manufactured with barrel lengths of 4½, 5½ and 6 ½ inches.
The frame, hammer, and lever were case-hardened and the remainder of the revolver was blued. The grips were of one-piece walnut with silver-plated brass back-strap and trigger-guard. The barrel address was ‘ADDRESS COL. SAM COLT NEW-YORK U.S. AMERICA’ with COLTS/PATENT stamped on the left side of the frame. Many of the late production Model 1865 Pocket Navy revolvers were converted from percussion to cartridge use. Please see the small frame conversion section.
Some Colt Model 1865 Pocket Navies were shipped to the Pall Mall Agency in London. They are usually found with iron grip-straps with an L (denoting London) beneath the serial numbers and British proof-marks on the barrel and cylinder. Very few are found with the rare barrel address: ‘ADDRESS COL. COLT/LONDON’. This is considered a very rare variation.
For an in-depth reference on this model see ‘The Book of Colt Firearms- 3rd Edition’ by R.L. Wilson. For values, check out ‘Flayderman’s Guide to Antique American Firearms… and their values’ by Norm Flayderman.
More Colt Lightning Magazine Small Frame Rifle
The re-classified Colt Pocket Model 1865 of Navy Caliber percussion revolver or Pocket Navy was previously known to collectors as the "Model of 1853" or the "Model 1862 Pocket Navy". It is now more correctly termed as the heading or as the "Pocket Model of Navy Caliber" or merely "Pocket Navy."
The small frame Colt Lightning Magazine Rifles were produced from 1887 to 1904. They were chambered for 22 Caliber and accepted long, short, or a combination of long and short cartridges. The small frame had basically the same slide action as the medium frame but with internal differences in construction and loading.
The first model of the Colt Lightning Magazine Rifles and Carbines with a slide action was a medium frame and was produced in 1883. This model is easy to identify, as it has no dust cover and is fitted with a safety bolt locking device that is operated with a lever in a slot in the forward part of the trigger guard.